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Taking PISA Seriously : How Accurate are Low Stakes Exams?
(National Bureau of Economic Research, 2018-08)
PISA is seen as the gold standard for evaluating educational outcomes worldwide. Yet, as it is a low-stakes exam, students may not take it seriously resulting in downward biased scores and inaccurate rankings. This paper ...
How do science teachers teach science - and does it matter?
Much ink has been spilled debating the merits of different science-teaching practices. Proponents of enquiry-based science teaching argue that this approach exposes students to the procedures used by professional scientists, ...
PISA for Development : Results in Focus
Building on the experience of working with middle-income countries in PISA since 2000, and in an effort to respond to the emerging demand for PISA to cater to a wider range of countries, the OECD launched the PISA for ...